Posted by: pedr0santana | 30/05/2013

Why do we use the suffix “feira” for the Days of the Week in Portuguese?

Why do we use the suffix “feira” for the Days of the Week in Portuguese?

It exists because an order of the Roman Emperor, Contantino (280-337 d.C.). In those times, Easter would last one week, and all of the days were called feriae (holiday). There was feria secunda (second holiday), feria tertia and so on. When Constantino coverted to christianism, he changed the name of feria prima to Dominica (Lord’s Day), where “Domingo” came from. And for the seventh day, he reintroducted “Sabbatum”, in respect to the Old Testament. But Constantino went further, demanding this names to be used for every day of the year!

The Romans named the days of the week after God related to Stars. There was the day of the Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Venus, Jupiter and Saturn. Even after the Emperor’s order, the name feriae was still used in the region that after, would become Portugal.

Most of the languages kept using tradicional names, changing only a little the words in each region. From martis dies (Mars’ Day) came Martes in Spanish, Martedi in Italian and Mardi in French.

These names influenced even the Barbarian tribes that invaded the Empire. But they made adaptions, naming the days according  Greco-Roman Mithology.

Latin

Liturgic Latin

Portuguese

Spanish

Solis dies

Dies Dominica

Domingo

Domingo

Lunae dies

Feria Secunda

Segunda-Feira

Lunes

Martis dies

Feria Tertia

Terça-Feira

Martes

Mercurii dies

Feria Quarta

Quarta-Feira

Miércoles

Jovies Dies

Feria Quinta

Quinta-Feira

Jueves

Veneris Dies

Feria Sexta

Sexta-Feira

Viernes

Saturni Dies

Sabbatum

Sábado

Sábado

 

Saxon

English

Sun’s day

Sunday

Moon’s day

Monday

Tiw’s day

Tuesday

Woden’s days

Wednesday

Thor’s Day

Thursday

Friga’s day

Friday

Saterne’s day

Saturday

 

Fun fact! The days of the week in Japanese follow another pattern!Image

Resource: http://www.pantheon.org/miscellaneous/origin_days.html

 

 

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Responses

  1. Very interesting. Thanks for sharing.

  2. […] Why do we use the suffix “feira” for the Days of the Week in Portuguese? (letrasinglesuel.wordpress.com) […]


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