Posted by: kcristti | 30/06/2013

Ineffective education. Is it the students’ fault?

It is a common problem to hear teachers complaining about their salary. Most of them rant about how badly they get paid to have to teach and educate the society of a new generation. They also speak proudly about their function in society and how progress depends on good teachers. However, in all that enthusiastic speech for the improvement of society and better wages, teachers’ education is put aside.

Specifically in public schools, teachers complain about the students’ behaviour and the complete lack of interest in the subject.These elements are pointed out as being the cause for ineffective learning by the students.

Nevertheless, once again, when having a speech like that it is implied that the problem is with the students and no problems are identified as coming from the teachers.

In my personal experience, even before concluding an undergraduatedegree, the majority of the future teachers already take for granted that their students in public schools are not interested in the subject and, it does not matter what they do, students will be rebels and will not learn anyway.

Well, it is certain that students are not easy to deal with, but neither are people. Each person has different needs. Each person has a different culture,different habits, anddifferent personalities. Therefore, each student has a different reality that makes them unique, makes them behave differently, and that is what teachers need to be aware of and also learn how to deal with.

Concluding anundergraduatedegree is not what makes teachers ready to teach. This is very important, but this is not what will keep students interested and, more important, this does not guarantee that teachers will develop a good teaching ability.

When graduating, most of the teachers turn out to be professionals in public schools teaching in high school and basic/elementary school.

A problem with this is that first they are not really ready to interact with students.Students from basic education and high school need special attention that also involves a bit of psychology; a good method on how to deal and interact with students must be part of the teachers’ education. Knowing how to develop a relationship with students is essential for maintaining a healthy classroom and avoids complaints about how lazy and uninterested they are.

And yes, teachers need to have a great formation and know all about what they are teaching but this will not be enough when teachers do not know how to deal with people and how to expose their knowledge to the students.

Concluding anundergraduatedegree is good, engaging in a post-graduate one is even better, but it is essential to have teachers in courses or communities that help them to solve their daily problems, as how to deal with a loud student, or how to hold students’ attention. It is not just a matter of knowing the subject, it is dealing with people.

After learning how to have a good relationship with students there is the necessity of having a specialized teacher. Investments in teachers’ education must be done to improve their own education. Post-graduate courses, for example, are a great way to keep in touch with the formal aspect of education and amplifying their range of knowledge. A specialization course, like a master’s degree, is also of a great importance to keep a good level of education in a teachers’ career. All that together will bring credibility to the education system, and as happens with any professionalsector, when having a better qualification and good and effective results, the recognition will come with extra zeros on the final payroll.

Bárbara Caprioli – Undergraduate student in English course at UniversidadeEstadual de Londrina

Posted by: fran2ogasawara | 30/06/2013

Teachers with no adequate qualification

 

I think it is a big problem to have so many teachers that aren’t qualified to teach any subject to someone. Both teacher and students are affected, I may say; the teacher sometimes is called out to give classes that isn’t his or her subject suddenly and have to go anyway, with even knowing the content he/she is going to teach in that subject that day.

It causes revolt in the parts, the teachers don’t know what to do, they don’t have the right knowledge for that, because they didn’t study for that; and the students, because it is bad for their learning process, and they can feel the insecurity in the unprepared teacher.

2009 School Census data tabulated by the National Institute of Educational Studies Teixeira (Inep) reveal that just over half (53.3%) of teachers working at the school in public education are compatible with the discipline they teach. The total is 366,757. The final grades of primary school stage in which all the materials begin to be given by teachers of specific areas, the ratio is even lower: 46.7% of 617 571 teachers.

And the worst thing is the Studies show that the states with the largest number of teachers without adequate training (including here lay teachers who work in networks) are those with the worst performance of the Index of Basic Education Development.

But there are controversial opinions that say it is better for the students to have the content with a teacher that doesn’t teach the target subject than nothing and lose the theme for that day. I see no gain in this way, the students won’t really understand if the teacher isn’t able to explain and the content will fail and it will be lost anyway.

The solution probably will be more investments in education to help in the lack of teachers; there is a lot of demotivation behind all of it which leads the people to other careers.

Posted by: pedr0santana | 27/06/2013

Hoaxes – Do you believe it?

Hoaxes - Do you believe it?

LONDRINA’S INHABITANTS PROFILE REGARDING CONSPIRACY THEORIES

In the latest few years it has been hardly spoken about the problems with educational systems around the world. Many researchers have been comparing different systems, proposing reforms, asking parents’, students’ and teachers’ points of view and so on. All those make me think: Wouldn’t they and all the actors involved be over thinking and lacking in action?  Where is the problem?Wouldn’t it be helpful if every parent, teacher, student, employer, looked at his own behaviors towards the world they are building up and tried to see in which ways they are contributing or not for the world they actually want in order to adjust these behaviors when it’s necessary?

The world presented to us nowadays is a different world in many ways and it is making people different, transforming their ways to see (or not to see) things and, most of all, changing the interests and these facts affect what happens inside a school. One example of that is the use of technologies in schools. Once it is becoming widely used by children at home, it is pointless taking it away from them at school. At the same time, as an effect of globalization, not every child has the same sort of opportunities. How can parents, students, teachers and society deal with all those things? It’s necessary to act (and not just think) in order to promote the access of our children to school first of all and, then, give them what they are needed to equally participate in society.

As you can see, we facetimes that bring new topics to school environment and in which things that were once unacceptable are now desirable. The Schools are becoming the place where children go (or are sent by their parents) to update news with friends, to date, to mess around or, at best, to listen to a teacher who is too tired and demotivated to be able to teach something to students who are too upset to want to learn something. On the other hand, the students who want to learn and the teachers who have thirst for teaching are swallowed by the whole system. As you can see, all the actors involved are failing.

Although the researches are very important to state what has to be done to improve the topics related to education, more important and maybe simpler than answering surveys or elaborating the same surveys which will probably be forgotten on the bottom of a drawer, is to get the whole society together. It’s necessary to get parents involved and compromised with teaching their children about responsibility and the importance of study. Also, the population has to try to be more reflective in order to see the same importance and correctly choose and charge their government.

 
Eveline R. Di B. Paroski – Undergraduate student in English course at UniversidadeEstadual de Londrina

Posted by: kcristti | 23/06/2013

Teaching with Technology

The use of technology and internet in classroom is often seen as the best way to improve education and the learning process. However, the access to the internet and other technologies has also been a problem in the educational environment. We have a large variety of technological equipments that can be used in classroom, like Laptops, cell phones, iPads and others and we see that sometimes they can cause more problems than solutions.

The world is becoming even more digital over the years. Everyone is being affected by the modern technology and it is not news. Things have changed to businesses, children, adults and consequently in teaching in the classroom, but is that a good thing?

The most common problem has to do with teaching time. This happens when neither the teacher nor the student are familiar with using the machine. If there is a problem with the modern technology, the teacher needs to call a technician and loose his valuable time. Sometimes the technical problem cannot be fixed, and the teacher may not have the opportunity to teach what he had planned. At this point the teacher will end up needing to use a plan b.

Otherwise, when the technology works, other problem can happen, like lack of attention. With the varieties of technological devices and social networks around the web it is hard for the teacher to make students pay attention in their lessons. This may disrupt the students’ performance along the year and they can get used not to pay attention in the class even when there is no technology available.

The student’s distraction can be very difficult for the teacher to deal. They may not know what to do, if they shall prohibit or allow the use of the devices. This can create a controversy between the old and the new technological way of teaching.

Another issue resulting from the use of computer is the typing vs. handwriting. If we think about it, we see how the technology has become the leader in the publishing world. Also, we have e-books, twitter, facebook, tumblr and many websites to publish our ideas by typing. You may ask yourself whether it is good or not, and the answer would be yes, it is good. On the other hand, when it comes to the use of typing in classroom it may not be good. In this case the problem is, again, the distraction – computers and the internet are always tempting and students have the tendency to check up the social networks. Otherwise, handwriting is better when talking about focusing once the distractions are fewer or none.

In my opinion it is harder to get the students’ attention when they are on the computer, actually it is hard to get the students’ attention in general nowadays, especially with the inappropriate use of technological devices. A teacher who does not have technological ability and a school that is not prepared, either for lack of technicians or lack of computers can be a waste of time which could have been used for real education.

Teachers must be aware of the needs of their classroom, and have consciousness if the modern technology will bring more benefits or harm. If it is necessary to their lesson to use the technology they must know how to deal with it and how to make of it a great tool.

Kamilla Cristti – Undergraduate student in English course at Universidade Estadual de Londrina

Posted by: tamararommel | 22/06/2013

Where are all the teachers?

Education is considered one of the most important sectors for a nation`s development. It is through that the country improves its incomes and quality of life. The point is, that education is only possible if there are qualifed professionals to work on it.

In Brazil, the situation seems to be getting worse every year; the last census of Higher Education carried out by MEC found that the number of graduates on Pedagogy – that prepare teachers for the firt grades of prymary education – has halved in four years. In 2009, 52.000 teachers have completed these courses, compared to 103.000 in 2005. The census also recorded a drop in the numbers of graduate students in undergraduate courses that prepare teachers to teach in the last grades of elementary school and high school. In 2005 there were 77.000 and in 2009, 64.000.

This happens because, contrary to what happended four or five decades ago, when the teacher had enormous social prestige, the new generations are nor attracted by public teaching. The reasons are many: the lowering of wages, poor working conditions – especially in public schools located in poor neighbourhoods on the outskirt of large cities – and the subsequent devaluation of career, young people today are opting for courses that provide, both in oublic and private sector, carrers with higher wages and social valorisation.

To try to revert this situation, two important steps were taken. The first was the creation, in 2008, of the national minimum salary for teachers, with the aim of unifying the salary of public teachers throughout the country. This year the salary was set in R$ 1.567,00 for teachers with 40-hour journey per week. However, due the lack of budget resources, at least five states continue paying well below this value.

The second step was adopted by MEC in 2009, with the lauch of the National Plan for Teachers Formation. The iniciative aimed to qualify the 636.000 teachers of public schools who had no college degreeor had been teaching in different areas from their majors. But this experience is underway and the courses conclusion takes time, so the measure still do not take the expected effect on education.

For me, as a student of a Letters course the scenario is disturbing, what exactly is the motivation I have to follow a teaching career? Especially when we are faced with declarations like Cid Gomes gave in the last teacher`s strike: ” Teachers must work for love, nor for money.” Of course those who work with education must love what they do, but it should also be respected and have their value recognized by society.

It is necessary that the community and the government realize that the lack of qualifed teachers affects the quality of education in public schools and condemns millions of children and adolescents to a formation below the patterns required by the labor market and the scientific and technological development.

The only way to reverse this situation is by bringing more young people into the public teaching, offering an attractive initial salary and ensuring good work conditions. Without this, there is no way to make the career attractive, and without trained and motivated teachers, Brazil can not overcome this educational crisis.

Tamara Rommel – Undergraduate student in English course at Universidade Estadual de Londrina

Posted by: hidemisenno | 01/06/2013

Hey guys… I invited everyone to visit this website, it’s very cool and who has something interesting to post (for teenagers) you can submit your work.

This is a link where you can find my opinion article… 🙂

http://www.teenink.com/opinion/school_college/article/556126/Every-special-child-has-the-right-to-learn-too/

Why do we use the suffix “feira” for the Days of the Week in Portuguese?

It exists because an order of the Roman Emperor, Contantino (280-337 d.C.). In those times, Easter would last one week, and all of the days were called feriae (holiday). There was feria secunda (second holiday), feria tertia and so on. When Constantino coverted to christianism, he changed the name of feria prima to Dominica (Lord’s Day), where “Domingo” came from. And for the seventh day, he reintroducted “Sabbatum”, in respect to the Old Testament. But Constantino went further, demanding this names to be used for every day of the year!

The Romans named the days of the week after God related to Stars. There was the day of the Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Venus, Jupiter and Saturn. Even after the Emperor’s order, the name feriae was still used in the region that after, would become Portugal.

Most of the languages kept using tradicional names, changing only a little the words in each region. From martis dies (Mars’ Day) came Martes in Spanish, Martedi in Italian and Mardi in French.

These names influenced even the Barbarian tribes that invaded the Empire. But they made adaptions, naming the days according  Greco-Roman Mithology.

Latin

Liturgic Latin

Portuguese

Spanish

Solis dies

Dies Dominica

Domingo

Domingo

Lunae dies

Feria Secunda

Segunda-Feira

Lunes

Martis dies

Feria Tertia

Terça-Feira

Martes

Mercurii dies

Feria Quarta

Quarta-Feira

Miércoles

Jovies Dies

Feria Quinta

Quinta-Feira

Jueves

Veneris Dies

Feria Sexta

Sexta-Feira

Viernes

Saturni Dies

Sabbatum

Sábado

Sábado

 

Saxon

English

Sun’s day

Sunday

Moon’s day

Monday

Tiw’s day

Tuesday

Woden’s days

Wednesday

Thor’s Day

Thursday

Friga’s day

Friday

Saterne’s day

Saturday

 

Fun fact! The days of the week in Japanese follow another pattern!Image

Resource: http://www.pantheon.org/miscellaneous/origin_days.html

 

 

Posted by: hidemisenno | 26/05/2013

Every special child has the right to learn too.

When we talk about education, everybody agrees that every child needs a teacher, not just for their intellectual development, but also to their social, cultural and physical development. Many people talk about how teachers are important, but few of them talk about how teachers are important to children who need  special attention as children with some intellectual disorder or mental retardation.

To understand better how teachers are essential and very important to them we need to know a little bit about what the point of view was around the special education in the past. Before these children could be inserted in regular schools, there were taken as a problem of the society close to a flaw of society, that’s why they were excluded from society and locked in hospitals and “asylums” because society thought that they could not be with the “normal people”. But as time passed and they started to think that these children could have the right to be in society too interacting with other children. But they were separated from us, in special schools where the whole school and professionals were adapted to be able to attend to their special needs.

When a child goes to schools, he/she learns more than just how to read and how to write, but how to interact with other people, and how the real world is, far from their parents and in other points of views. And the person who helps him/her is the teacher, who guides the children and is always by his/her side to orient in all their decisions.

And when we talk about special children, the teacher needs to know how to act with them, because different from “regular children”. They need special care, because in some cases they are children who cannot talk, cannot walk and have difficulties to interact with other people. And not because most people think that a teacher cannot make any difference in their leaning process, but yes, in some cases where the deficiency is very advanced, they are not able to actually learn reading, writing and critical thinking. But if they study in a regular school with regular children and a teacher they can develop other characteristics as Vygotsky said that the children learn when they are interacting with other children, like if they are changing information with their classmates. For example, a child who does not talk and does not have good motor coordination, by being in a environment where he is able to interact with other students he can improve a little bit some of these skills.

However, it is important to think that we place the child in a regular school and not think that he/she as part of the class and exclude him/her just because we think that he/she are not able to learn and develop his/her critical skills as other students. But we have to think about them as whole class and make our best to develop their skills.

To conclude, there are a lot of things that they can learn and acquire, not just the child but the society too, because including special children in a place where other children and people can carry out all the things that they are able to do, we are helping them to lose the prejudice and to break the ice that the society has towards them.

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